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Gross expenditure on R&D (GERD)

GERD is total intramural expenditure on R&D performed on the national territory during a given period. GERD includes R&D performed within a country and funded from abroad but excludes payments for R&D performed abroad. GERD is constructed by adding together the intramural expenditures of the performing sectors (business enterprise sector, Higher Education Sector, Government Sector, Private Non Profit Sector).