Public finances

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The State is an essential player in the smooth running of a capitalist type economy. The burden of compulsory deductions (taxes and social security contributions) has thus not really reduced in most countries of the European Union during the last twenty years, despite the pressure of liberalism in the worldwide economy. Public finances, through taxation, are used to finance the functioning of the State, in particular making collective services such as defence or the transport network available, and also governmental priorities, social aid, sickness benefit or education.

With the setting up of the Economic and Monetary Union and the creation of the Euro, public finances are examined critically and monitored within the context of the stability pact and compliance with convergence criteria which are a public deficit below 3% of GDP and public debt below 60% of GDP.

It should be noted that due to a different update rate the data in the following tables may not be consistent with the main aggregates:

- Main aggregates & accounts by sector (update: t + 9months)
- Supply and Use Tables, Input-Output Tables (update: t + 36months)
- Government accounts (update: t + 3months)

To check the consistency of the tables with each other, please refer to the corresponding version number. (For instance: Version SEC2010_notif201710).

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Public finances

  • Public debt
  • Expenditures and revenues
    • Revenue and expenditure of general government - Total general government (sector 1300 - consolidated) (in millions EUR) 1995 - 2020
    • Revenue and expenditure of general government - Total general government (sector 1300 - non-consolidated) (in millions EUR) 1995 - 2020
    • Revenue and expenditure of general government - Central government (Sector SES1311) (in millions EUR) 1995 - 2020
    • Revenue and expenditure of general government - Local Government (Sector SES1313) (in millions EUR) 1995 - 2020
    • Revenue and expenditure of general government - Social security funds (S.1314) (in millions EUR) 1995 - 2020
    • Revenue and expenditure of general government - Total general government (secteur S1300 - consolidated) (in millions EUR) 2009Q1 – 2021Q2
  • Taxes and social benefits
  • Sequence of accounts - General government